пѓ Geography of Lebanon
Lebanon is today a small republic stretching about 160 miles along the asian coast in the Mediterranean Sea having a total part of 10, 452 kilometers sq . and around population of three, 874, 050 according to a independent 06\ estimate, including Palestinian refugees and international workers, generally Syrian. Lebanese territory can be dominated typically by mountains which incorporate the seite an seite ranges of the Lebanon and the Anti-Lebanon. Involving the Lebanon plus the Anti-Lebanon ranges lies the valley of Biqa'. Lebanon is bordered on the north by the Eleutherus River (Nahr al-Kabir), within the east by Anti-Lebanon mountains, both of that they can share with what is present-day Syria. It is also bordered on the western by the Mediterranean and beyond and on the south by highlands in the Galilee, or perhaps what is today Occupied Middle east (Israel). Beirut, the capital of present-day Lebanon, its most significant city and principal port, is located nearly mid-way for the coastal distinctive line of the country.
пѓ Ancient History of Lebanon (2700 BCE В– 7th 100 years CE) The history of Lebanon is almost since old because the earliest evidence of mankind. Lebanon was the homeland of Phoenicia; an ancient civilization among the earliest renowned civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Greece. By different times, Lebanon acquired come under the control of many foreign conquerors including Assyrians, Babylonians, Armenians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Middle easterns, Ottomans and French, every single leaving an obvious influence upon modern-day Lebanon. What the Greeks names while Phoenicia was a civilization that flourished over the coast for over 2, 500 years (2700-450 BCE). The Phoenicians produced the initially alphabet, and Phoenician city-states such as Byblos, Beirut, and Tyre started to be symbols to get the art of routing, trade and communication. Phoenicians, however , by no means united politically and thus were subject to a large number of conquests: Assyrians in 867 BCE; Babylonians in the 590s BCE; Persians in 538 BCE, and Greeks under Alexander the truly great in 333 BCE. In 64 BCE, Phoenicia was conquered by Romans and it continued to be Roman until the seventh century when the Arabs took control. Under the Both roman Empire, Christianity was brought to Phoenicia coming from neighboring Galilee soon after enough time of Jesus of Nazareth, and the religious beliefs became deeply rooted in this region. In the seventh 100 years, Maronite Christians migrated from Syria to northern Lebanon seeking haven from the Subtil oppression, and the area known as Phoenicia gradually gave way to Attach Lebanon, or simply Lebanon.
пѓ Arab Rule plus the Middle Ages (7th century В– 1516) The Arab improvements in the 7th century helped bring Islam to Lebanon soon after the fatality of Forecaster Muhammad. Muslim influence improved after that if a new Muslim empire within the Umayyad Caliphate was established in nearby Damascus in present-day Syria. In 750, the Umayyads had been overthrown by the Abbasid Caliphate which reigned over from Baghdad in present-day Iraq, and so Lebanon received the control over the Muslim Abbasids. Inside the eleventh 100 years, the Abbasid power started to decline, a situation which triggered the breach of the Crusaders between years 1095 and 1291. Though Saladin taken away the Crusader control of the Holy Terrain (Jerusalem) around 1190, the Crusader affect remained strong in Lebanon. It was not really until the late thirteenth century that the Muslim control was reestablished in Lebanon beneath the Mamluk sultans of Egypt. Lebanon was later competitive between Muslim rulers before the Ottomans, based in Constantinople extended all their conquests to add Lebanon in 1516. The mountainous place of Mount Lebanon experienced by the time become a shelter for the community persecuted groups of the Maronite Christians plus the heterodox Muslims, the Druze. This area was given substantial autonomy within the Ottoman Disposition, and the Ottomans ruled the Emirate of Mount Lebanon until the middle of the...
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